Menstrual Cycle and Its Proper Care During the Period

During menstrual cycle lesson students will be able to describe what it is and learn proper techniques of caring during the period.

Begin the class by informing the students that today they will be discussing menstruation, an important stage of puberty in girls. It indicates that reproductive organs of a girl have matured. In most girls, menstrual cycle begins when they are 11 to 15 years of age. The onset of menstruation is known as Menarche. Most girls, because of lack of proper knowledge about the process, become confused when they first menstruate. However, onset of menstruation is a normal development process in teenager girls. Devote 5-7 minutes introducing the topic.

Next, move to the information-sharing part of the class. Inform the students that most of them must know about that menstruation takes place as a normal development activity. However, it is also important to have knowledge about how and why menstruation takes place. Begin with an interesting fact that immature reproductive organs like ovaries, uterus, and fallopian tubes are present in baby girls right from their birth. It is interesting to note that right from the birth, ovaries have thousands of follicles, which could be compared to eggs in layman’s language. However, before puberty, these follicles do not play any role.

With the onset of puberty, many hormones such as estrogen and progesterone are released in the body of a female. These hormones are also responsible for physical maturation, growth, and emotions associated with puberty. These hormones help in the maturation of follicles. Starting from puberty, follicles mature and ovaries release an egg (sometimes up to two or three also). This process is called ovulation. The egg eventually reaches the uterus, and the lining of uterus already becomes thick with extra blood vessels, prepared to receive the egg. After some days, egg is released from the uterus as well, and thick lining of uterus is crushed and shed along with blood vessels from the vagina in form of menstrual bleeding.

This cycle happens almost every month until menopause is reached. Menopause is the end of menstrual cycle that occurs when a woman has reached 40-45 years of age. Menstrual cycle also does not take place during pregnancy. This is because the egg is fertilized in case of pregnancy, and hence the lining of uterus is not shed.

Now, move on the next part of discussion. Discuss the methods of proper care during menstruation. Make sure you cover the following points in your discussion:

  • Pre menstrual symptoms (PMS) and cramps: Some girls may experience physical or emotional changes around the time of their periods. Menstrual cramps are very common. Experts suggest that cramps are caused by hormonal changes and contraction of uterus muscles during menstruation.
  • Relief from cramps: Medications (like acetaminophen or ibuprofen) can relieve cramps. Similarly, warm bath or applying a warm heating pad to the lower abdomen is also helpful home remedies.
  • Other symptoms: Owing to hormonal changes, menstruation is also associated with skin problems such as pimples. It is essential to keep proper hygiene during the period to prevent germ build-up.
  • Use of pads: Young girls can seek advice about the use of pads and about coping with period from parent, health teacher, school nurse, or older sister.

The information-sharing part of the class should last for about 20-25 minutes.

Lastly, proceed to the closure of the class. In this part, summarize the class by telling students that menstruation is a part of growing. It is important that girls should be aware about this and not remain confused. A sound advice from parents and good internet resources could always prove handy. At the same time, taking proper care during periods is also equally important.

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