The Importance and the Function of Integumentary System

I begin my lesson about the Integumentary system with a picture of the skin. The students fill in the diagram with the words provided to them. We go over each part of the skin to make sure that they are correct.

  • Epidermis – is the outer layer of the skin.
  • Dermis – is the inner layer of the skin.
  • Fatty tissue – is the connection between the skin and the inner tissue.
  • Nerve – provides sensation and the feeling.
  • Follicle – is the cavity where hair root originates.
  • Oil gland – is the gland that secretes oil.
  • Sweat gland – is the gland that secretes perspiration.

My students learn that the function of the skin system is to act as a main barrier against germs and act as a sense organ. Skin responds to touch, pain, pressure, and temperature.

Skin care is very important to a healthy skin. Proper hygiene such as daily showering, daily hand washing, and deodorant use is essential.

In addition healthy eating is also very beneficial to a healthy and vibrant skin. The foods that are high in vitamin A, such as milk, egg yolk, yellow fruits, and yellow vegetables are beneficial.

Problems of the Skin:

  • Athlete's foot: It is a fungal infection of the skin between toes.
  • Boils: It is an inflamed, pus-filled area of the skin. Keeping skinclean helps prevent boils.
  • Blisters: It is skin area filled with a watery fluid.

Download free worksheets:

Parts of the skin and its functions worksheet

Skin worksheet for students, part 1

Cut and glue worksheet for students, part 2

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