Essential Nutrients Sample Lesson

Standards: NJCCS 2.1. Wellness


  • Students will define 6 essential nutrients.
  • Students will identify food sources for six nutrients.
  • Students will contrast complete and incomplete proteins.
  • Students will define cholesterol and explain its relationship to overall health.

Materials: Six Nutrients Fill In Worksheet for the students.


  • Identify six nutrients.
  • Select foods with each nutrient.


Introductory Activity: List the following nutrients on a sheet of paper: carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins, minerals, and water. Under each nutrient, list as many foods as you can that are good sources of that nutrient.

Developmental Activity: Define and discuss six nutrients during one or two lessons. Ask the students to define six nutrients and name food sources of them.

The students will record their answers on the provided Six Nutrients Fill In Worksheet.

Pictures of many vegetables will be displayed. The students are going to list the foods from the pictures that are high in carbohydrates, proteins, fats, minerals, and vitamins.

A teacher will show the BrainPop video about six nutrients.

Concluding Activity:What three nutrients provide energy? What is protein and what does it do? Name one function of fat. How would you distinguish a healthful meal from an unhealthful one? Compare and contrast the function of proteins with that of carbohydrates.


For homework, students will receive a picture of different kinds of food. The students will have to identify food that has carbohydrates, proteins, fat, vitamins, minerals, and water. They will recall each nutrients function.

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