STANDARD - 2.1GRADE - 11
GOAL - The students will learn functions and structures of digestive system and excretory system.
LEARNING TASKS - It's another interesting lesson where students get the chance to understand how body systems depend on one another. I will present this lesson in two groups. First - energy system and second - waste system.
Start off with DO NOW questions on the board. "How human's body are similar to the car's engine?" You may get different answers - but look for this one. The human's body uses food as energy to move and leave waste behind. The car's engine uses fuel to move and it leaves poisonous gases behind.
So - the digestive system is the energy system that turns food into fuel for your body. The excretory system is the waste system that removes waste from the body.
The digestive system - breaks down food so that it can enter your bloodstream and can be used.
Here is the simple steps of digestion -
Also - display picture to understand better. This picture can be displayed through overhead projector or Smartboard. You choose!
Let's break the energy system down and see what organs belong here -
Another visual help. Display picture of organs either through overhead projector or Smartboard.
Now - let's talk about how your body takes care of the waste.
Without excretory system your bodies would be filled with waste and you would explode by it. But thankfully we have this system.
After digestion takes place in the small intestine - the rest of the food that didn't get absorbed goes into colon. When colon is full the nerve sends the message to the muscle to push the waste out. That is when you go to the restroom to take number two.
Another very important organs in your bodies are kidneys. Their job is to filter blood. Sometimes it removes water or salts. When it removes water or salt - it is being stored in the bladder as urine. When it's full - that's when you want to go to the restroom and take number one.
So - the connection between these two systems are obvious. The energy system digests food and turns into nutrients so that your body can use it. Whatever is not needed in your body is being taken care of by the waste system.. Here are some healthy tips how to keep these networks strong and healthy -
Conclusion - What is energy system and what is its function? What is waste system and what is its function? Name three healthy ways to keep these systems healthy. Why the waste system is so importnat?
Here are the three worksheets:
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